Shorebirds, Gulls, Terns, Skuas, and Alcids
Birds in the Classroom
The Bird Groups
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A diverse group of shorebirds photographed at Fort Myers Beach, Florida. This group includes Sanderlings, a Ruddy Turnstone, Willet and a Laughing Gull.

About the shorebirds, gulls, terns, skuas, and alcids

Outside of the songbird family this is the largest order of birds in the US, and certainly the most diverse. 115 species of this order are found in the US. They represent a wide diversity of feeding techniques, nesting habits, and social structure. Today, many of these species show the stress of habitat loss. Some, such as the Snowy Plover nest on beaches during the busiest time of beach-use by humans.

Shorebirds, Gulls, Terns, Skuas, and Alcids
Order:  Charadriiformes
Family: Charadriidae
Genus: Pluvialis
Black-bellied Plovere
Black-bellied Plovere
Black-bellied Plovere
Pacific Golden Plover
Genus: Charadrius
Semipalmated Plover
Semipalmated Plover
Mountain Plover

Family:  Haematopodidae
Genus: Haematopus

American Oystercatcher
Black Oystercatcher

Family: Recurvirostidae
Genus: Recurvirostra

American Avocet
Hybrid American Avocet and Black-necked Stilt

Genus: Himantopus
Black-necked Stilt

Family: Jacana
Northern Jacana

Family: Scolopacidae
Genus: Catoptrophorus


Genus: Tringa
Lesser Yellowlegs
Greater Yellowlegs
Greater Yellowlegs
Solitary Sandpiper
Genus: Actitis
Spotted Sandpipere
Genus: Limnodomus
Long-billed Dowitcher
Short-billed Dowitcher
Genus: Calidris
Baird's Sandpiper
Pectoral Sandpiper
Red Knot

Dunlin #2
Least Sandpiper
Least Sandpiper
Western Sandpiper
Semipalmated Sandpiper

Genus: Bartramia
Upland Sandpiper

Coastal Shorebirds

Genus: Aphriza
Genus: Numenius
Long-billed Curlew
Long-billed Curlew
Genus: Limosa
Genus: Heteroscelus
Wandering Tattler

Genus: Arenaria
Black Turnstone
Ruddy Turnstone
Ruddy Turnstone
Ruddy Turnstone
Black Turnstone and Surfbird
Genus: Gallinago

Genus: Limosa
Marbled Godwit

Family: Phalaropidae
Genus: Phalaropus
Red-necked Phalarope
Wilson's Phalarope
Red Phalarope

Genus: Xema
Sabine's Gull
Genus: Rissa
Black-legged Kittiwake
Genus: Pagophilia
Ivory Gull

Family: Laridae
Genus: Larus
Western Gull

California Gull e
Mew Gull
Ring-billed Gull
Yellow-footed Gull
Heermann's Gull

Thayer's Gull
American Herring Gull
American Herring Gull
Glaucous-winged Gull
Great Black-backed Gull

Genus: Sterna
Royal Tern
Royal Tern 2
Caspian Tern

Elegant Tern
Elegent Tern #2
Least Tern

Forster's Tern
Common Tern
Sandwich Tern
Three Terns

Genus: Chlidonias
Black Tern
Genus: Rynchops
Black Skimmer

Jaegers and Skua
Genus: Stercorarius
South Polar Skua
Parasitic Jaeger
Pomarine Jaeger

Family: Alcidae
Genus: Synthliboramphus
Ancient Murrelet

Genus: Uria
Common Murre

Genus: Cepphus
Pigeon Guillemot
Black Guillemot
Genus: Alca

Genus: Cerorhinca
Rhinocerous Auklet
Genus: Fratercula
Tufted Puffin
Atlantic Puffin