Index of Zoological Themes in the A.C. Bent Selections

Purple Finch

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The information for each species account in the Life Histories of North American Birds is found under nine main themes: (1) breeding, (2) food and feeding, (3) habitat, (4) conservation and economic importance, (5) speciation, (6) nesting, (7) behavior, (8) mortality and parasitism, and (9) courtship. Birdcentral.net utilizes small segments of the species account from the Life Histories of North American Birds. We have placed those segments under the proper category heading.

Breeding

This includes mating and care of the young. Nesting and Courtship are handled separately.

Food and Feeding

Food and feeding includes cataloguing of the food eaten by particular species and descriptions of how the food is obtained.

Habitat

Habitat includes descriptions of the types of areas that the birds utilize during their breeding season, non-breeding season, and sometimes migration.

Conservation and Economic Importance

The conservation section includes discussions on particular species' (White-tailed Kite) efforts to survive, and also the effect of introduced species (European Starling) on other native species, and contributions made by species by eating destructive insects (Black-bellied Plover).

Speciation

Speciation discusses the process of determining what is a species, and what should be recognized as a sub-species. The discussion of what is a species has been going on for a long time.

Nesting

Nesting discusses how nests are built, by whom, and what artifacts get added to the nest.

Behavior

Behavior includes how birds interact with each other, and other species including humans. This is primarily behavior not covered by courtship or mating.

Mortality, Parasitism, Enemies

Mortality includes the pressures that affect a bird's ability to stay alive.

Courtship

Courtship looks at the procedures that various birds go through to obtain a mate.


 Breeding
Sooty Shearwater
Buller's Shearwater
Brandt's Cormorant
Brown Pelican
Reddish Egret
Bufflehead
American Wigeon
Blue Grouse
Red-shouldered Hawk
Ferruginous Hawk
Dunlin
Laughing Gull
Caspian Tern
Common Murre
Pileated Woodpecker
Tree Swallow
Great Blue Heron
Canada Goose
Black Scoter
Long-earred Owl
Lesser Yellowlegs
Black Turnstone
Mourning Dove
Tufted Titmouse
Ovenbird
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Food and Feeding
Common Loon
Pacific Loon
Horned Grebe
Laysan Albatross
Blue-footed Booby
Green Heron
Roseate Spoonbill
Whooping Crane
Common Moorhen
Purple Gallinule
Shoveler
Green-winged Teal
Blue-winged Teal
Cinnamon Teal
Hooded Merganser
Barrow's Goldeneye
Bald Eagle
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Rough-legged Hawk
Harris Hawk
American Oystercatcher
Wandering Tattler
Surfbird
Green Kingfisher
Least Sandpiper
Bonapart's Gull
Mew's Gull
Great Black-backed Gull
Royal Tern
Forster's Tern
Roadrunner
Acorn Woodpecker
Red-breasted Sapsucker
Nuttall's Woodpecker
Western Wood Pewee
Golden-crowned Kinglet
Townsend's Warbler
Scarlet Tanager
Curve-billed Thrasher
Sage Thrasher
Winter Wren
Phainopepla
Blackburnian
Hermit Warbler
Hooded Oriole
Cassin's Finch
Purple
American Goldfinch
Pyrrhuloxia
Black-throated Sparrow
Rough-winged Swallow
White-throated Sparrow
American Cardinal
Great-tailed Grackle
Common Grackle
Glossy Ibis
Baird's Sandpiper
Purple Martin
Lincoln's Sparrow
Steller's Jay
White-tailed Ptarmigan
Scott's Oriole
Black and White Warbler
Band-tailed Pigeon
Double-crested Cormorant
Field Sparrow
Green-tailed Towhee
Mississippi Kite
Snowy Egret
Yellow-crowned Night Heron
Snow Goose
Black Brandt
Mallard
Surf Scoter
Common Eider
Redhead
Peregrine
Spotted Owl
Snowy Plover
Red Phalarope
Western Gull
Glaucous-winged Gull
Sandwich Tern
Black Tern
Black Skimmer
Pygmy Nuthatch
Brown Creeper
Fox Sparrow
White-eyed Vireo
Lewis Woodpecker
Prothonotary Warbler
Least Flycatcher

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Habitat
Sage Grouse
Chacalaca
Gambel's Quail
Inca Dove
Gray Hawk
Wilson's Phalarope
California Gull
Franklin's Gull
Parasitic Jaeger
Pigeon Guillemot
White-headed Woodpecker
Red-bellied Woodpecker
White-throated Swift
Calliope Hummingbird
Say's Phoebe
Bridled Titmouse
Verdin
Dipper
Cedar Waxwing
Tennessee Warbler
Lazuli Bunting
Indigo Bunting
Red-wing Blackbird
Bobolink
Carolina Chickadee
McGown's Longspur
Painted Redstart
Chestnut-sided Warbler
Brewer's Blackbird
Black-headed Grosbeak
Wild Turkey
White-tailed Hawk
Violet-green Swallow
California Thrasher
Dark-eyed Junco
Crested Caracara
Poorwill
Solitary Sandpiper
Black Guillemot
Rhinocerous Auklet
Groove-billed Ani
Black Phoebe
Green Jay
Clark's Nutcracker
Chipping Sparrow
Clay-colored Sparrow
Common Black Hawk
Jacana
Brewer's Sparrow
Cassin's Kingbird
Varied Thrush
Loggerhead Shrike
Sora Rail
Elegant Tern
Mountain Bluebird
Western Meadowlark
Least Grebe

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Conservation and Economic Importance
Western Grebe
Tri-colored Heron
Tundra Swan
Trumpeter Swan
Ring-necked Pheasant
Killdeer
Long-billed Curlew
Upland Sandpiper
Pacific Golden Plover
Marbled Godwit
Tree Sparrow
American Robin
European Starling
House Finch
Barn Swallow
Bobolink
Short-earred Owl
Least Tern
House Sparrow
White-tailed Kite
Yellow-headed Blackbird
Prairie Chicken
Black-bellied Plover
Painted Bunting
Limpkin
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Speciation
Clark's Grebe
Ferruginous Hawk
Lesser Scaup
Common Nighthawk
Williamson's Sapsucker
Northern Yellowthroat
Western Tanager
Song Sparrow
Canyon Towhee
Tri-colored Blackbird
Yellow billed Magpie
Bank Swallow
Yellow Warbler
Carolina Wren
Oak Titmouse
Bullock's Oriole

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Nesting
Pied-billed Grebe
Eared Grebe
Red-necked Grebe
Flesh-footed Shearwater
Pelagic Cormorant
Greater Scaup
Common Goldeneye
Osprey
Screech Owl
Mountain Plover
Tufted Puffin
Black-chinned Hummingbird
Great Crested Flycatcher
Cliff Swallow
Common Bushtit
Marsh Wren
Black-tailed Gnatcatcher
Altamira Oriole
House Finch
Ancient Murrelet
Boat-tailed Grackle
Pomarine Jaeger
Blue Jay
White-fronted Goose
Wood Duck
Canvasback
Willet
Heerman's Gull
Black-legged Kittiwake
Bewick's Wren
Rock Wren
Cactus Wren
Tufted Titmouse
Eastern Wood Pewee
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
Inca Dove
Ladder-backed Woodpecker
Yellow-billed Cuckoo

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Mortality
Tri-colored Heron
White Ibis
Prairie Falcon
Gyrfalcon
Barn Owl
Belted Kingfisher
Eastern Phoebe
House Wren
Prairie Warbler
White-crowned Sparrow
Cowbird
Red-eyed Vireo
Scaled Quail
American Redstart
Yellow-throated Warbler
Snowy Owl
Barred Owl
Whimbrel
Yellow-breasted Chat
Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow
Dickcissel
Greater Flamingo
Tufted Titmouse
Willow Ptarmigan
Blackpoll Warbler
Bohemian Waxwing

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Courtship
Red-throated Loon
Western Grebe
Great Egret
Black Vulture
Sandhill Crane
Harlequin Duck
Oldsquaw
Ring-necked Duck
White-winged Dove
California Quail
Saw-whet Owl
Black catcher
Long-billed Dowitcher
Sanderling
Pectoral Sandpiper
Costa's Hummingbird
Eastern Kingbird
American Crow
Black-capped Chickadee
White-breasted Nuthatch
Lesser Goldfinch
Ruffed Grouse
European Widgeon
Long-tailed Duck
Eastern Bluebird
Pintail
Eurasian Wigeon
Red-breasted Merganser
Golden Eagle
Red-tailed Hawk
Northern Harrier
Northern Flicker
Rufous Hummingbird
Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Lark Bunting
Red- necked Phalarope
Rose-breasted Grosbeak

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Behavior
Black-footed Albatross
Northern Fulmar
Pink-footed Shearwater
Magnificent Frigatebird
White Pelican
Least Bittern
American Bittern
White-faced Ibis
Turkey Vulture
California Condor
Clapper Rail
Emperor Goose
Black Duck
Gadwall
Common Merganser
Black-bellied Whistling Duck
Snail Kite
Broad-winged Hawk
American Kestrel
Merlin
Great Horned Owl
Burrowing Owl
American Avocet
Black-necked Stilt
Western Sandpiper
Common Snipe
Spotted Sandpiper
Herring Gull
Ring-billed Gull
Sabine's Gull
Red-naped Sapsucker
Golden-fronted Woodpecker
Gila Woodpecker
Allen's Hummingbird
Broad-billed Hummingbird
Scrub Jay
Wrentit
Wilson's Warbler
Hutton's Vireo
Cassin's Vireo
Golden-crowned Sparrow
California Towhee
Olive-sided Flycatcher
Magnolia Warbler
Golden-fronted Woodpecker
American Magpie
Gray Jay
Canyon Wren
Brown Thrasher
Townsend's Solitaire
Northern Parula
Palm Warbler
Gray-crowned Rosy Finch
Pine Siskin
Blue Grosbeak
Red-breasted Nuthatch
Pacific-slope Flycatcher
Warbling Vireo
Wood Stork
Horned Lark
Catbird
Abert's Towhee
Spotted Towhee
Western Bluebird
Anhinga
Black-crowned Night Heron
Gray Flycatcher Little Blue Heron
American Coot
Black Rail
Virginia Rail
White-winged Scoter
Ruddy Duck
Ross Goose
Cooper's Hawk
Swainson's Hawk
Pygmy Owl
Red Knot
Short-billed Dowitcher
Greater Yellowlegs
Common Tern
Downy Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker
Vermillion Flycatcher
Common Raven
Hermit Thrush
Northern Mockingbird
American Pipit
Great Kiskadee
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
Western Kingbird
Summer Tanager
Rufous-crowned Sparrow
Black-throated Green Warbler
Evening Grosbeak
Lark Sparrow
Savannah Sparrow
Chestnut-backed Chickadee
Mountain Chickadee
Swainson's Thrush
Northern Waterthrush

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